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How to prune shrub roses

Shrub roses can benefit from regular pruning to promote healthy growth, maintain their shape, and encourage abundant blooming. Here are some general guidelines for pruning shrub roses:

  1. Prune in late winter or early spring: The best time to prune shrub roses is in late winter or early spring, just before new growth begins. This will allow you to see the overall shape of the plant and make necessary cuts.

  2. Remove dead or diseased wood: Start by removing any dead, diseased, or damaged wood using clean, sharp pruning shears. This will help prevent the spread of disease and promote healthy growth.

  3. Remove any crossing branches: Look for branches that are crossing or rubbing against each other, as these can create wounds that can lead to disease. Remove one of the branches to prevent further damage.

  4. Shape the plant: Next, shape the plant by selectively removing some of the branches. Look for branches that are growing in the wrong direction or are overcrowding the center of the plant. Use clean, sharp pruning shears to cut the branch back to a healthy outward-facing bud. This will help promote new growth and a more open, airy structure.

  5. Prune for size: If your shrub rose is getting too large, you can prune it back to a more manageable size. Cut back the branches by about one-third, making the cuts just above an outward-facing bud. This will help promote new growth and maintain the overall shape of the plant.

  6. Deadhead spent blooms: Throughout the growing season, deadhead spent blooms to encourage new blooms to form. Cut the stem just above the first five-leaflet leaf.

  7. Maintain a consistent pruning routine: Pruning shrub roses regularly will help promote healthy growth and abundant blooming. Aim to prune your shrub roses once a year in late winter or early spring to maintain their size and shape.

By following these guidelines, you can help ensure a healthy, beautiful shrub rose plant.